How To Talk About Your Chronic Illness If You’ve Recently Been Diagnosed
There are many hot topics that come to mind after being diagnosed with a health condition, but one of the biggest challenges is learning how to talk about your chronic illness with others.
Before getting into how to talk about your chronic illness, let’s talk about things that can get in the way of making this big decision.
Challenges with Talking About Your Chronic Illness
As a Chronic Illness Therapist, many people ask me, “Why would I want to talk about my chronic illness with anyone?” Then the first thing they talk about is what gets in the way of talking about their health.
That’s an understandable concern because your health condition is a personal matter.
So before we go any further in talking about the good things that can happen when you talk about it, I think it’s best we consider the hard stuff, too.
1. It’s Hard to Talk About
There it is… I said it. Talking about your chronic illness can be hard sometimes because there is so much to consider. Honestly, you’re still grieving the news for yourself, and it takes time to figure out how to make sense of it all.
If you’re struggling to come to terms with what is going on, it can be incredibly hard to talk about it with someone else. However, it gets easier the more you have the hard conversations.
2. Fear that Others Won’t Understand
It is overwhelming when talking with someone about your health only to learn that they still don’t “get it.” As a matter of fact, those moments can make you feel angry.
Beneath that anger are other valid emotions to consider (i.e., rejection, disappointed, lonely, scared, sad). No one wants to feel that way, so many people avoid these conversations so that you don’t have to experience them at all.
3. Feeling that Your Health is a Burden for People
Have you ever had moments when you feel that you are an inconvenience for others? In the case of your chronic illness, this is a common worry.
Usually worst case scenarios play out in your mind when considering talking about your chronic illness (i.e., “they’ll be annoyed with me,” “it’ll just make things awkward,” or “I’ll ruin their life when they find out”).
After considering the facts, hopefully you may notice specific people that have shown you supportive responses in your circle that make you feel more comfortable talking about your chronic illness.
However, if you are aware that specific people have shown or communicated that you are a burden in the past, it’s first important to remind yourself that their response is not your responsibility (for better or worse). Then consider if that person is actually the best person to communicate this news with. Devote your energy to people that show you they care.
Consider that if your reason for sharing is best for YOU, then you did the right thing.
Remember that you are not a burden… They are incapable of supporting you like you need. Again, not your fault.
4. Lack of Knowledge of What You Need
How can you possibly talk with others about what you need when you don’t even know? Great question!
Not having the answers about your health and needs can make you feel unsafe and worried. Truthfully, there may be many times during your chronic illness journey where you will not have all of the answers.
In moments when you do not have the answers, consider if there are people that can support you with what you DO know. Also, are there any chronic illness resources available to inform you about your condition further (i.e., books, handouts, videos, etc.)?
It can be overwhelming figuring out how to talk things through with others without information, but at the end of the day, you can only share what you know. You can inform them when you have more information to share at a later date.
Try not to put extra pressure on yourself in this area.
5. Not Wanting Other People to Feel Bad
Now that you know the news, you’re considering how other people will handle it. Valid concern here. I often hear people say, “I don’t need people crying or getting upset when they find out, because then I’ll have to worry about making them feel better.”
You might be struggling with handling your own feelings, so witnessing someone else’s response can be complicated. It’s tough but important for everyone involved to feel what they need to feel.
You and your loved ones will experience the grief process after receiving a new medical diagnosis. Remember that everyone has their own process, and sometimes it can feel more comforting to experience those things together rather than by yourself.
All of the challenges mentioned above are valid in their own ways. Here is an important question to consider here: If you allow fear to keep you from talking about your health, how will that help you in the long-run?
Yes, it may feel safer to stay silent about your health diagnosis in the moment, it can cause more harm and difficulty for you in the longrun. At some point the cycle of avoiding these conversations will no longer work for you in every situation.
In this moment I encourage you to consider the good that can happen as well before making a balanced decision.
Benefits of Talking About Your Chronic Illness
There are some great advantages to allowing yourself to be vulnerable and discuss your chronic illness – one of the most important things about you. Here are some ways it can help.
1. Others Can Learn How to Support You
Informing others about your health allows them to learn more about it and meet your needs (i.e., preparing meals with your dietary needs in mind at gatherings, loved ones helping with chores at home, offering to babysit and being a good listener). Facing the necessary conversations gives them chronic illness management tips, supporting you in having more “good days.”
They won’t know what you need until you tell them. When you keep the information to yourself, naturally more responsibility is on your plate, and that’s not really what you need right now.
I recall feeling angry several times early after being diagnosed because my friends invited me over and didn’t include food on the menu within my dietary restrictions. One of the first thoughts that would come up was , “Don’t they know I’m ill?”
But after a while I realized that although they may have known I had Multiple Sclerosis, they didn’t necessarily know what that meant for my eating habits. It wasn’t their reality, and it was unrealistic for me to expect them to help me when they didn’t know how.
Moving forward I was able to communicate my dietary needs when invited to a friend or family member’s house. Most times they were able to accommodate my needs with no issue. I was also able to bring something I could eat so that it wasn’t awkward and I could still participate.
What a great feeling that was!
So take this as an example that your loved ones can learn to support you with a chronic illness. They just may need a bit of guidance.
2. You Feel Better
Talking with others about your chronic illness can bring on a sense of relief for you and your loved ones. It is an amazing feeling when others around you know your needs and respond to you in a helpful way.
There’s less pressure to further explain yourself and you can take more time to focus on enjoying the people around you. It allows you to trust and confide in them more, which is important when living with a chronic illness.
3. You Feel More Connected with Others
You may be familiar with feeling like you’re on an island by yourself soon after diagnosis. I get it.
Talking about your chronic illness allows you to build connections and community. Surrounding yourself with people that understand (chronically ill or not) can help you feel less lonely on your journey with a chronic condition.
The chronic illness support groups that I facilitate are typically full of people with varying health conditions who want to feel connected with others. They often have shared experiences even though they may not have the same conditions.
Even those that don’t always have exact similar experiences find value in talking about their health because other people learn more about their journey and respond with compassion. The discussions allow them to bond and even build friendships outside of the group.
Whether you participate in a group or talk with others in your immediate circle about your health, that communication builds connection. Remind yourself that there is someone out there who wants to listen and support you.
Give yourself that chance.
Become Informed About Your Chronic Illness
As I mentioned before, it is difficult to talk about your chronic illness when you don’t understand it yourself. Take some time to learn about your health condition so that you can confidently inform others when the time is right. Here are some basic ways to get started:
- Discuss your chronic health condition with your doctor once diagnosed. This allows you to ask questions and discuss your treatment options. Make a list of questions you have later at follow-up medical appointments to reduce worries.
- Research your condition during your personal time. Your physician should have reputable sources that you can read through (i.e., handouts, articles, websites). Request them if they are not offered to you.
- Purchase books and other literature about your health condition. Having literature on-hand about your own chronic illness (especially ones that are easy to read) make it easy for you to refer back to them when needed. They use medical terms that you will become more familiar with when referring to your chronic condition, and they include information for both you and your family members/caregivers. Here’s an example of what to look for.
- Join organizations or online support groups that support chronically ill people with your specific diagnosis. They tend to have many helpful resources and information at your fingertips that others may have had good experiences with.
The process of learning about your chronic illness is a lifetime journey and components of your health will be more understood over time.
Be prepared to give yourself some “brain breaks” along the way, because spending long periods of time on research can increase your stress levels (and you don’t need any more help with that). This is a habit to avoid after diagnosed with your chronic illness. If you notice you start to get to that place, set the research down for a bit and focus on something else.
But what happens if I don’t have much time to research before treatment starts?
Sometimes that is part of the process and the order may look different… That’s okay. There are still ways to get necessary information before beginning treatment.
Once I was diagnosed with Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis in 2019, my doctor recommended I take leave from work and begin immediate three-day steroid infusion treatment the next day (eek!). Cue the worries right here!
So my initial information came directly from my doctor, who described the diagnosis, my symptoms and the immediate treatment recommendations. I asked as many questions as I could think of at the moment and considered the pros and cons of treatment to make an informed decision.
What a big decision to make in such little time. I have so much compassion for myself looking back on that day.
There may be moments when it is a health emergency and there is not much time to think things through. It is in those moments when confiding in a loved one allows you to focus on your health while they support you in other areas that you and your doctor discuss (i.e., childcare, pet care, work, etc).
Whether you have someone else to confide in or help make the decision, know that you will make the decision that works best for you in the moment.
Take a few deep breaths and go with your gut.
Decide Who You Want to Inform
Your health is a personal, private matter and it makes sense that this next step will take some intentional thought. It is your legal right to inform whomever you feel is best to know about your chronic illness. Before doing so, ask yourself these questions:
- Is this a medical emergency that requires someone else to know immediately? The people who really NEED to know will help keep things functioning as smoothly as possible so you can focus on your treatment after diagnosis (i.e., .spouse/partner, immediate family or employer).
- Will you need ongoing support? Support comes in different ways (i.e., childcare, making/delivering meals, mobility support, work/school accommodations, etc).
- Does your chronic illness treatment require immediate or long-term lifestyle adjustments? If yes, be mindful that some of these changes could impact others in your life (i.e., household family members, friends). Consider who would benefit to know so that they can support you in making the necessary adjustments if needed.
- Should you tell strangers? A stranger (someone that you don’t have a personal relationship with) may ask questions about your health after making their own observations (i.e., “Are you okay?,” “You seem tired,” etc). Consider what you or the other person will gain from sharing and respond based on the situation. Again, it’s completely your choice and right to share or withhold.
Signs that Sharing is not Best for You
Sometimes the people we want to tell are not the best people to share this personal information with. Your experiences with these people bring on red flags or warning signs that make you feel emotionally unsafe, dismissed, ignored or judged. That alone can affect your mental health and take your mind to a dark place.
These are not people that will be supportive of your health journey right now, and there is nothing wrong with choosing not to talk with them about your diagnosis.
Devoting your time and energy to people that are unsupportive likely make you feel more upset, worried, angry and unconfident in yourself.
You don’t need that in your life right now.
Instead, you need people around you that will bring out the best in you, show you that they care and will listen.
So, if it’s possible to put that energy into informing other people in your life, go for it. Otherwise, you have the choice to determine exactly what you share and how much.
Preserve your energy and mental peace as much as you can, because these kinds of people know how to bring out the worst in others around them.
Read more to learn signs of feeling unsupported on your chronic illness journey.
How Much Information Do You Want to Share?
Part of figuring out how much to share when talking about your chronic illness will depend on 1) how much you know about it and 2) how much information the other person needs to know to support you in the moment.
Consider yourself first before sharing so that you can determine how much is best to share at the time.
Are you feeling drained, experiencing brain fog or having other symptoms currently? Would that interfere with your ability to share in a clear way?
Knowing this about yourself in the moment can help you decide how thorough you can be when sharing (or whether you share at all).
Good news! You have options here (and we like those).
Here are some simple solutions that can determine how much to information about your chronic illness to share with others:
Have a Full Discussion
These discussions typically take more time and energy. However, they can be helpful in discussing the diagnosis, what to expect and how that person can support you moving forward.
Full discussions can be accomplished with a one-on-one conversation or even as a group (i.e., family meeting). Your loved ones and inner circle have the opportunity to ask follow-up questions and process the news with you present (cue the emotional responses).
I know that part can sound scary, but let me offer some encouraging words here.
Some emotional responses can be a sign that people actually care about you (i.e., crying or worrying). Take that moment as an opportunity to build that connection (and even have your own emotional moment if needed).
Some families have found it life-changing to be able to cry together. Others noticed that their loved ones were happy to finally have a diagnosis because that means you are closer to getting treatment and may have more answers.
Consider who in your inner circle would benefit from this type of approach. Trust your gut.
Provide Written Information
This is one of my favorite approaches to sharing information about your chronic illness. Written information can come in different forms, including email, handouts, medical articles about your condition and even related social media posts.
You can provide information and request that they take their own time to learn more. This takes the pressure off of you to have a full discussion at that time. Be mindful that your loved ones may need time to adjust and learn about it (just as you do), and that’s okay.
Prepare Planned Responses
Planned responses help take the pressure off of you because you already know what you’re going to say about your health condition (saving energy and time).
Some examples of planned responses include:
- “I have a health condition that makes me feel tired more quickly, so it helps to take more breaks during the day.”
- “I haven’t been feeling my best lately, but I’m okay right now and enjoying our time together.”
- “Thanks for asking how I’m doing. That means a lot to me…”
- “It would be helpful if…”
Author Suzan L. Jackson wrote an amazing book called Finding a New Normal: Living Your Best Life with Chronic Illness. She discusses some other essentials about “Who Do You Tell and What Do You Say?” I highly recommend reading this to give you more immediate support on how to approach the conversation. It’s life changing.
Next Steps for Chronic Illness Management
I help individuals and families who are living with anxiety, chronic illnesses and the emotional toll that it can bring. Therapy is a powerful tool that can help you continue talking about your chronic illness in a safe, supportive space.
Although the journey with a chronic illness is hard, therapy can make it more bearable because you get to practice having those conversations during the therapy session, giving you more confidence and relieving your stress.
You can schedule your first appointment with me by booking a free 15-minute consultation call.